Dating valentine java 240 320
A favourite subject of theirs was Indian mathematics..." etc.
where he gave a full account of the Hindu numerals which was the first to expound the system with its digits 0,1,2,3,....,9 and decimal place value which was a fairly recent arrival from India.
like much new mathematics were not welcomed by all.
In 1299 there was a law in the commercial center of Florence forbidding their use; to this day this law is respected when we write the amount on a check in longhand ., undergoing a number of changes on the way.
It took them about 300 years to fully comprehend its working. Jesuit records show that they sought out these texts as inputs to the Gregorian calendar reform.
This reform was needed to solve the latitude problem of European navigation.
Because of lack of authentic records, very little is known of the development of ancient Hindu mathematics.We owe the discovery of modern numeration and the elaboration of the very foundations of written calculations to India alone."It is clear how much we owe to this brilliant civilization, and not only in the field of arithmetic; by opening the way to the generalization of the concept of the number, the Indian scholars enabled the rapid development of mathematics and exact sciences.